Most commercial bacon is made with a brine that is injected into pork. I prefer dry cured bacon. It is a little firmer and cooks up with a better texture in my opinion. That being said, my preference is based on personal choice. Many people prefer the softer wet cure bacon. They are not wrong, they just prefer the texture and taste.
I have had some requests to do a video of how to wet cure bacon. Who am I to stick to my preferences. I made some wet cured bacon. It is delicious even though I prefer dry cured. I guess I’ll just have to enjoy it. The things I do for my readers.
To make dry cured bacon you need to understand the process of curing. You make a mixture of salt, curing salt and a sweetener.
When you are wet curing, you put these ingredients into a brine and soak the pork in it to allow the ingredients to soak into the meat.
The curing salt is a mixture of salt and sodium nitrite that gives the bacon its cured flavour and red colour. It also inhibits bacterial growth. Bacon is cooked at low temperatures and cured for a long period of time. Without the curing salts, the meat may spoil. The curing salt usually used is called Prague Powder #1, Instacure #1 or many other names. Whatever it is called, you are looking for a product that is 93.75% salt and 6.25% sodium nitrite.
It is important that you don’t use too much curing salt as excessive sodium nitrite is bad for you. It is important to not use too little or the pork may spoil during smoking.
The sweetener adds a nice touch of sweet to offset the saltiness of the bacon.
You need to use the right amount of each ingredient to get a safe tasty result. This is determined by the weight of the pork and the water it will soak in.
I started by weighing the two pieces of pork loin I was going to make into bacon. Then I put the pork in a non-reactive (stainless steel, plastic, ceramic, not metalic) container. I poured water over the pork until it is covered by one inch. Keep track of the amount of water you used. One litre of water weighs 1 kilogram and 1 quart of water weighs 2.09 pounds. Add the weight of the water to the weight of the pork.
If you have a large enough scale, you could weigh them together.
Once you know the total weight of the water and pork, you can measure the ingredients.
Remove the pork from the water.
Add the following to the water. For each kilogram of water and pork:
- 25 ml (17 gr) brown sugar
- 15 ml (19.2 gr) Kosher salt
- 2.1 ml (3 gr) Prague powder #1
In US measures, for each pound of water and pork:
- 2.3 tsp (0.272 oz) brown sugar
- 1.38 tsp (0.307 oz) Kosher salt
- 0.195 tsp (0.048 oz) Prague powder #1
Stir until dissolved.
Measure the thickest part of the pork in inches.
Put the pork into the brine and put a plate on top of it. Cover the container. You calculate how long it will stay in the brine by multiplying thickness of the pork in inches by 4 days and add 2. For example, if the pork was 2 1/2 inches thick, you would multiply it by 4 and add 2 (12 days). Brine the pork and turn it every day or two.
When the pork has brined, take it out and put it on a rack. I decided to make one of the loins pepper bacon and spread cracked pepper over the surface.
It is important that the pork is dry before smoking. You can put it in the fridge uncovered over night, on a counter with a fan on it or in a 140 F oven until the surface is dry.
Put in a 190 to 200 F smoker and smoke until the internal temperature is 140 F. At this temperature, the bacon still needs to be fried before serving but I think it gives a better texture. You can smoke it to an internal temperature of 150 F if you want to be able to eat it cold.
Take the bacon out of the smoker and let it cool. Wrap it in plastic wrap an put it in the refrigerator for 1 to 2 days.
Unwrap the bacon and slice. Freeze any you won’t be using in the next week.
I fried up a slice of the wet cure bacon and pepper bacon. I also fried up some dry cured bacon and maple bacon.
From left to right, maple dry cured, dry cure, pepper wet cure, wet cure.
Here is a video of how to make wet cure bacon.
The wet cure bacon is delicious. It is just a touch softer with less chew than the dry cure. There is a slight more saltiness to the dry cure and touch more sweetness to the wet cure.
That being said. All of them are delicious. The differences are minor and it would be a matter of personal taste which you prefer.
I suggest you make both and decide which you like better.
The Old Fat Guy
- pork loin
- Metric for each KG of water and pork
- 25 ml (17 gr) brown sugar
- 15 ml (19.2 gr) Kosher salt
- 2.11 ml (3 gr) pink salt #1
- US measures for each pound of water and pork
- 2.3 teaspoon (0.272 oz) brown sugar
- 1.38 teaspoon (0.307 oz) Kosher salt
- 0.195 teaspoon (0.048 oz) pink salt #1
- Determine the weight of the pork and enough water to cover the pork by 1 inch in a nonreactive container..
- Add the appropriate amount of brown sugar, Kosher salt and pink salt #1 to the water and stir until dissolved.
- Measure the thickest part of the pork in inches.
- Put the pork in the brine and refrigerate for 4 days for each inch of thickness plus 2 days. Turn the pork every day or so.
- Remove the pork from the brine and dry the surface by putting in a rack in the fridge overnight.
- Smoke at 190 F to an internal temperature of 140 F (150 F if you want to be able to eat it cold).
- Let the bacon cool and wrap in plastic wrap. Refrigerate one to two days.
- Slice and freeze any that will not be used in the next 7 days.
Great post! I looks absolutely amazing! Definitely going to try it out. Thank you for sharing and keep up the good work.
Thanks so much for the kind words. If you need any help or have any questions trying the recipe, let me know.
Could I use this method but inject the pork with Maple Syrup at some point to get the maple flavour in it? I see you do it with the dry cure but not sure at what point i would do with the wet cure procedure.
Yes. Use 25 ml of maple syrup per kg of pork and inject before you put it in the brine. Also add 15 ml maple syrup per kg of water and reduce the brown sugar by 10 ml per kg of water. You need the maple syrup in the brine too as it will dilute the maple flavour over the brining period.
Thanks David. Came out fantastic making a second batch now.
Thanks for letting me know. I am glad you like it!
I’m confused about the brine. In the YouTube video, when you originally say the ratios they are, for each kg water and pork, 17.5 g brown sugar, 9.2g kosher salt and 3 g pink salt. Then you add 107.5g kosher salt which is over double what’s called for. Then at the end of the video you say to add 7.5g brown sugar, 9.2 g kosher salt and 3g pink salt per total kg. Which is correct?
The recipe says you should add 17.5 etc per kg of water and pork. The 107.5 grams was added because I had over 5 kg of water and pork. When you multiply the weight of the water and pork by 17.5 grams it came out to 107.5 grams. The 7.5 instead of 17.5 kg at the end is a typo I have to correct. Thanks for catching it.
The recipe says 9.2g kosher salt per kg pork and water.
9.2×5.6=51.52 not 107.5
Glad I could help catch the typo.
Big fan of your videos.
Obviously I have messed up on the gram conversions. I will pull the post. Thanks.
Hi, is it 19.2gr or 9.2gr? I just want to confirm before I try my first batch.
Thank in advance.
It is 19.2 grams of kosher salt per each kg of water and meat.
Hi thanks for recipe are you able to boil instead of smoke then eat cold?
I don’t think that would work well.
Oven bake at 250F to an internal temp of 150F. It is best to use a leave-in digital thermometer, for accuracy. The 250F is flexible (one source says 325F, but I think the slower oven is preferable, so you aren’t really cooking it – just warming)
Why is the internal temperature 150F to eat with out more cooking and 145F with the dry brine thanks in advance for the answer
The problem is a difference between Health Canada and the FDA in the US. Health Canada recommends a higher temperature for cooked pork than the FDA and I waiver back and forward between the two. Sorry to confuse.
I have no pink or prague salt mixture but I have some Sodium Nitrite, what would be the ratio of Kosher salt and sodiun nitrite you would suggest per pounds
I would not recommend mixing your own curing salts. The amounts are critical and it would be difficult to get an even blend.
Bought my pink curing salt through the SausageMaker.com. Of Buffalo,NY. Where lots of Canadian bacon (and sausage) is made and loved ?